On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, starting World War II. We present fragments of reports of Jewish soldiers of the Polish Army from the first days of the defensive war, preserved in the Ringelblum Archive.
On August 18, 1942, Szymon Huberband, a rabbi, who, according to Emanuel Ringelblum, was one of the most important collaborators of the Oneg Shabbat group, was deported to Treblinka. We present a fragment of his written accounts about saving the Torah from destruction by the Germans.
August 15, 1942 was the 25th day of the great deportation from the Warsaw ghetto. Eliasz Gutkowski, the second secretary of the Oneg Szabat group, decided to hide his son on a farm in the Czerniaków suburb of Warsaw. It was an exceptionally friendly place for Jews from the Warsaw ghetto. Icchak Cukierman recalls.
July 29, 1942. A week has passed since the beginning of the great deportation in the Warsaw Ghetto. Every day 5,000-10,000 Jews are transported from the Umschlagplatz to the gas chambers in Treblinka. With the formation of the Jewish Combat Organization, an armed resistance movement slowly begins
119th anniversary of Rachela Auerbach’s birth